PEMBAKUAN ISTILAH KELISTRIKAN

Posted by ADHI WAHYUDY on Thursday, 11 February 2010

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Bahasa Indonesia


Absolute pressure             
Tekanan mutlak / absolut

Absolute air temperature         
Suhu udara mutlak / absolut

Acceptance procedure             
Prosedur penerimaan

Acceptance quality level             
Tingkat mutu penerimaan

Acceptance test                     
Uji penerimaan

Accuracy class
Kelas ketelitian

Accuracy class disignation
Penunjukkan kelas ketelitian

Actual                         
Sebenarnya

Actual transformation ratio
Rasio transformasi sebenarnya

Adiabatic index
Indeks adiabatis

Adjusment
Penyetelan / penyesuaian

Air circulator
Sirkulator udara

Air pressure (at the compressor outlet)
Tekanan udara  (pada sisi keluar kompressor)

Air pressure drop
Turun tekanan udara

Altitude
Ketinggian

Ambient site temperature
Suhu sekitar di lapangan

Ambient temperature
Suhu sekitar

Ambient test pressure
Tekanan uji sekitar

Ambient test temperature
Suhu uji sekitar

Ambulance
Ambulans

Arcing time
Waktu busur

Arc-suppression coil
Kumparan pemadam-busur

Atmospheric conditions
Kondisi atmosfiris

Automatic Change Over Switch
Saklar pindah otomatis

Automatic sectionalizer
Saklar seksi otomatis

Auto-transformer, Oto-transformator
transformator belitan tunggal

Auxiliary relay
Rele bantu

Available hours ( AH )
Jam tersedia

Barometric pressure
Tekanan barometer

Basic Insulation Level
Tingkat dasar isolasi

Beaker tong
Gegep piala, tang piala

Bituminous compound
Kompon aspal

Boost pressure
Tekanan penguat

Boost pressure ratio
Rasio tekanan penguat

Brake mean effective pressure
Tekanan efektif rata-rata

Brake power
Daya poros

Breakdown
Tembus; hubung singkat

Breaking capacity                        
Daya / Kapasitas pemutusan

Bucket truck with boom                   
Truk timba berlengan

Burden                                   
Beban

Burden                                   
Beban ( untuk CT dan VT )

Capacitor bank                           
Tumpuk kapasitor

Capacitor voltage devider                
Pembagi-tegangan kapasitor

Capacitor voltage transformer (CVT)      
Trafo-tegangan kapasitor

Capacity factor ( CF )                   
Faktor kapasitas

Cascading                                
Secara berurutan ; secara beruntun

Charge air pressure                      
Tekanan udara pengisi

Chopped impuls                           
Impuls terpancung

Circulating oil consumed                 
Minyak sirkulasi terpakai

Class of rating                          
Kelas pengenal

Classification of test                 
Klasifikasi pengujian, klasifikasi uji

Clause                                   
Ayat

Clearing                                 
Pembebasan

Clearing time                            
Waktu pembebasan

Climate                                  
Iklim

Clinic                                   
Klinik

Cloud                                    
Awan

Cloud                                    
Kabut (pada mesin diesel)

Collapse                                 
Runtuhnya sistem ; keruntuhan sistem

Communication equipment                  
Perlengkapan komunikasi

Communication unit                       
Unit komunikasi

Composite                                
Komposit, paduan

Composite error                          
Kesalahan komposit, kesalahan paduan

Compression ignition engines             
Mesin penyalaan kompresi

Conservator tank                         
Tangki konservator

Constant pressure system                 
Sistem tekanan konstan

Continuous running duty type             
Jenis tugas kontinyu

Conventional assumptions                 
Asumsi konvensional

Coolant                                  
Media pendingin

Cooling fluid flow                       
Aliran fluida pendingin

Crankshaft                               
Poros-engkol

Creepage distance                        
Jarak rayap

Cross country fault                      
Gangguan pertama dan diiukuti gangguan kedua, dst.

Cubicle                                  
Lemari hubung ; Panel

Current error                            
Kesalahan arus

Current grading
Peningkatan arus

Current limiting fuse
Sekering / pelebur pembatas arus

Current transformer
Transformator arus

Cut-off current
Arus terpotong

Cyclic duration level
Faktor lama daur

Cylinder outlet
Lubang keluar pada silinder; lubang-keluar silinder

Danger sign
Papan tanda bahaya

Declared power
Daya pengenal (mesin diesel)

Declared speed
Putaran pengenal (mesin diesel)

Depression
Depresi

Derated
Perkurangan nilai

Device
Alat

Direct cooled winding
Belitan dengan pendinginan langsung

Direct cost
Biaya langsung

Direct test
Pengujian langsung

Directional unit
Unit arah

Disconnect stick
Tongkat pemisah

Dish tong
Gegep cawan

Disruptive discharge
Lepasan merusak

Dissipation factor
Faktor disipasi

Distrubance recorder
Rekaman gangguan

Downward range
Julat / jangkau ke bawah

Dry chemical
(Bahan) kimia kering

Dry powder
Serbuk kering

Dry-type transformer
Transformator jenis-kering

Dual-fuel engine
Mesin bahan bakar ganda

Duty
Tugas

Duty type
Jenis tugas

Dynamic force
Gaya mekanik

Dynamic rating
Nilai pengenal dinamis

Ears protector
Pelindung telinga

Earthed-neutral system
Sistem netral ditanahkan

Earthing factor
Faktor pentanahan

Effectivelly-earthed system
Sistem ditanahkan-efektif

Elecrical methods
Metode elektris

Electric dynamometer
Dinamometer listrik

Electric fan
Kipas listrik ; Kipas angin listrik

Emergency lighting
Lampu penerangan darurat

Emergency lights
Lampu darurat

Emission rate
Laju emisi

Enclosure
Selungkup

Engine driving shaft extermity
Ekstremitas poros-gerak mesin

Engine driving shaft speed
Putaran poros-gerak mesin

Engine speed
Putaran mesin

Engine torque
Momen puntir mesin

Engine-inlet
Lubang masuk pada mesin ; lubang-masuk mesin

Error triangle
Segitiga kesalahan

Exciting current
Arus eksitasi, arus penguat

Exhaust gas emission
Emisi gas buang

Exhaust manifold
Manifold gas-buang

Exhaust pipe
Pipa gas-buang

Exposed installation
Instalasi terbuka

Expulsion fuse
Sekering (jenis) letupan

Extended current rating
Nilai pengenal arus yang diperbesar

Face and eyes protector
Pelindung muka dan mata

Factory inspection
Penilikan pabrik

Factory test
Uji pabrik

Fast operation
Kerja cepat

Fast reserve
Cadangan cepat

Fault condition
Kondisi gangguan

Filter soiling
Pengotoran filter

Filters
filter

Fire extinguisher
Pemadan api

First aid kit
Kotak P3K

Flask tong
Gegep botol

Floating jacket
Baju pelampung

Flowchart
Diagram alir

Foam type fire extinguisher
Pemadan api jenis busa

Forced outage factor
Faktor keluar paksa

Forced outage hours (FOH)
Jam keluar paksa

Forced partial putage hour
Jam keluar parsial paksa

Four-stroke engine
Mesin empat langkah

Frequency gradient df/dt
Tingkat kecepatan penurunan frekwensi

Full insulation
Isolasi penuh

Full load
Beban penuh

Fume hood
Lemari asam

Fuse
Pelebur/pengaman lebur ; sekring

Fuse base
Rumah pelebur ; rumah sekring

Fuse carrier
Pemikul sekring

Fuse link
Batang pelebur

Fuse-element
Elemen lebur

Fusing factor
Faktor lebur

Fusing ratio
Rasio lebur

Gas detector
Detector gas

Gas type fire extinguisher
Pemadam api jenis gas

Gaseous components
Komponen-komponen gas

Gaseous emission compositions
Komposisi emisi gas

Gauge pressure
Tekanan terukur

Glove and arm sleeve
Sarung tangan dan sarung lengan

Governing system factor
Factor sistem pengaturan putaran

Gravimetric carbon
Karbon gravimetris

Grounding stick
Tongkat hubung tanah ; tongkat hubung-tanah

Halon fire extinguisher
Pemadam api jenis halon

Haze
Kabut

Head
Tinggi terjun

Head
Tinggi energi

Hearing protector
Pelindung telinga

Heat rate
Taraf kalor

Hermetically
Hermetis

Hermetically sealed
Tertutup hermetis / kedap udara

High set
Tingkat-tinggi

Highest system voltage
Tegangan sistem tertinggi

Highest voltage for equipment (highest*)
Tegangan tertinggi untuk perlengkapan (Tegangan*)

Hot spot
Suhu belitan bagian terpanas

Hot-line stick
Tongkat kerja bertegangan

Humid
Lembab

Hydraulic brake
Rem hidrolis

Idling speed
Putaran tanpa beban

Inception report
Laporan awal

Indicator diagram
Diagram indikator

Indirect cooled winding
Belitan berpendingin tak-langsung

Indirect cost
Biaya tak langsung

Indoor
Pasangan dalam

Inspection
Pemeriksaan ; penilikan

Inspection and testing
Penilikan dan pengujian

Instability
Ketakstabilan

Installed capacity (IC)
Daya / kapasitas terpasang

Instruction manual
Buku petunjuk

Instrument security current
Arus kemanan instrumen

Instrument security factor
Faktor keamanan  instrumen

Instrument transformer
Transformator instrumen

Insulating stick
Tongkat isolasi

Intangible benefit
Keuntungan samar

Interim report
Laporan sementara

Islanding
Pembentukan pulau

Isolated-neutral system
Sistem netral -terisolasi

Isolating
Pemisahan

Isolator
Pemisah

Land cover
Penutup lahan

Light absorption
Penyerapan cahaya

Light obscurement
Kesuraman cahaya

Light reflectivity
Reflektivitas / daya pantul

Lightning impulse-test
Pengujian-impulse petir

Lightning surge
Surja petir

Limit of temperature rise
Batas kenaikan suhu

Linear electric component
Komponen elektrisk linier

Linear magnetic component
Komponen magnetis linier

Load duration curve (LDC)
Kurva lama beban

Load sharing
Pembagian beban

Load shedding
Pelepasan beban

Local back-up
Cadangan lokal

Low set
Tingkat-rendah

Low voltage lights
Lampu tegangan rendah (khusus untuk K3:12, 24 V)

Lubricating system
Sistem pelumasan

Main condition
Kondisi utama

Manufacturer
Pabrikan, pembuat

Maximum pressure
Tekanan maksimum

Mean fuel pressure
Tekanan bahan bakar rata-rata

Mean inspection
Pemeriksaan antara

Measuring apparatus
Aparat ukur

Measuring current transformer
Transformator arus ukur

Measuring instrument
Instrumen ukur

Method
Metode

Moment of inertia
Momen inersia / kelembaman

Monsoon winds
Angin musim

Multi-ratio
Rasio ganda

Network planning
Perencanaan kerja berkait

Nominal speed of rotation
Putaran nominal

Non self-restoring insulation
Isolasi tak pulih-sendiri

Non-exposed installation
Instalasi-tak-terbuka

Non-load operation
Operasi beban-nol

Normal pressure differential systems
Sistem beda tekanan normal

Oil consumed
Pemakaian minyak persatuan waktu

Oil-immersed transformer
Transformator terendam-minyak

Oil-immersed transformer
Transformator terendam-minyak

Operating availability factor
Faktor ketersediaan operasi

Outage management
Manajemen keluar

Outdoor
Pasangan luar

Output factor (OF)
Faktor keluaran

Over lapping
Tumpang tindih

Overall efficiency
Efisiensi unit / keseluruhan

Overhaul
Pemeriksaan besar

Overtopping
Pelimpasan

Over-voltage inter-turn test
Pengujian-tegangan lebih antar-belitan

Parallel operation
Kerja paralel

Parameters of dynamic behaviour
Parameter kelakuan dinamis

Parameters of steady/steady state behaviour
Parameter kelakuan mantap

Part
Bagian

Partial discharge measurement
Pengukuran lepasan parsial

Partial load increase
Kenaikan beban partial

Peak current
Arus puncak

Penstock
Pipa pesat

Performance
Unjuk-kerja

Performance test
Uji unjuk kerja

Period hours (PH)
Jam periode

Phase comparison protection
Proteksi perbandingan fasa

Phase displacement
Pergeseran fasa

Planned outage factor (POF)
Faktor keluar terencana

Planned outage hours (POH)
Jam keluar terencana

Point of common coupling
Titik sambung bersama

Power adjustment factor
Faktor penyesuaian daya

Power direction
Arah daya

Power frequency
Frekuensi-kerja

Power swing
Ayunan daya

Power variation band
Daerah variasi daya

Pre-arcing time or melting time
Waktu prabusur atau waktu leleh

Pressure charger inlet
Sisi masuk pengisi tekanan

Primary winding
Belitan primer

Prospective breaking current
Arus pemutusan prospektif

Protective current transformer
Transformator arus pengaman

Protective device
Alat Pengaman

Protective matting
Alas pengaman

Pull out of synchronism
Unit-unit pembangkit lepas sinkron

Purchaser
Pemilik, pembeli

Quality control
Pengawasan mutu

Radiation monitor
Pemantau radiasi

Rainfall
Curah hujan

Rated continuous thermis current
Arus termis kontinyu pengenal

Rated current of the fuse-link
Arus pengenal anak pelebur

Rated dynamic current
Arus dinamik pengenal

Rated instrument limit primary
Arus-primer batas-instrumen pengenal

Rated Insulation level
Tingkat isolasi pengenal

Rated output
Keluaran pengenal

Rated power frequency short duration withstand voltage
Tegangan ketahanan singkat frekwensi-kerja pengenal

Rated primary currnet
Arus primer pengenal

Rated secundary current
Arus sekunder pengenal

Rated short-time over current
Arus lebih singkat pengenal

Rated transformation ratio
Rasio transformasi pengenal

Rated value
Nilai pengenal

Rating
Pengenal

Rating and performance requirements
Persyaratan nilai pengenal dan unjuk kerja

Rating plate
Pelat pengenal

Ratio of indicated power
Rasio daya ditunjuk

Reactanse
Reaktansi

Reactor
Reaktor

Recording maximum pressure gauge
Pengukur tekanan maksimum berperekam

Recovery time
Waktu pemulihan

Recovery voltage
Tegangan pulih

Reduced insulation
Isolasi kurang

Reed relay
Relai buluh

Reference
Acuan, rujukan, referens

Relative humidity
Kelembabam relatif

Reliability
Keandalan

Remote back-up
Cadangan jauh

Renewable resources
Sumber daya terbaharui

Requirement
Persyaratan, syarat

Reservoir
Waduk

Residual current
Arus sisa

Resonant-earthed system
Sistem ditanahkan-beresonansi

Respirator
Perlindungan pernapasan

Root mean square (rms)
Akar dua

Rope and block
Katrol bertali

Routine test
Uji rutin

Safety belt
Sabuk penyelamat

Safety fence
Pagar penyelamat

Safety helmet
Topi penyelamat / helm

Safety net
Jala penyelamat

Safety shoes / boot
Sepatu / lars penyelamat

Safety sign
Tanda keselamatan

Scheduled partial outage hours (SPOH)
Jam keluar parsial terencana

Season
Musim

Secondary circuit
Sirkit sekunder

Secondary limiting emf
emf pembatas sekunder

Secondary winding
Belitan sekunder

Selectivity
Selektifitas

Self clearing
Gangguan hilang dengan sendirinya

Self -restoring insulation
Isolasi pulih-sendiri

Sensitivity
Kepekaan

Sequence of events recorder
Rekaman urutan kejadiannya

Serious inspection
Penilikan gawat

Service condition
Kondisi kerja

Service factor (SF)
Faktor pelayanan

Service hours (SH)
Jam pelayanan

Setting
Penyetelan

Setting parameters
Parameter penyetelan

Shield
Pelindung

Shop drawing
Gambar perakitan

Short time duty type
Jenis tugas singkat

Short time rating
Nilai pengenal waktu singkat

Short time withstand current
Ketahanan arus hubung singkat

Signaling devices
Alat isyarat

Simple inspection
Pemeriksaan kecil

Simulation
Meniru

Single-ratio
Rasio-tunggal

Sky ladder
Tangga langit

Slow reserve
Cadangan lambat

Smoke index
Indeks asap

Smoke opacity
Ketebalan asap

Soot content
Kandungan jelaga

Spark gap
Celah percikan

Spark ignition engines
Mesin penyalaan busi

Specific emission
Emisi spesifik

Specific fuel consumption
Pemakaian bahan bakar spesifik

Speed drop
Penyesuaian putaran

Speed governing equipment
Perlengkapan pengaturan beban

Speed setting
Penyetelan putaran

Spillway
Bangunan pelimpah

Spinning reserve
Cadangan putar

Spring-loaded barometer
Barometer berbeban pegas

Standard accuracy class
Kelas ketelitian standar

Standard reference condition
Kondisi rujukan standar

Standard stretcher
Tandu berpenumpu

Start
Asut ; hasut ; start

Starting
Pengasutan

Steady state
Ajek ; mantap

Steady state speed
Putaran ajek

Steady state speed band
Daerah putaran ajek

Steppe
Padang rumput

Sticker or indicating device
Alat penunjuk

Stray
Sasar

Sub-clause
Sub-ayat

Supervisor
Pengawas

Supply
Suplai (sistem), pasok (barang)

Surge tank
Tangki pelepas tekan

Survive
Selamat

Switching impulse
Impuls hubung, impuls switsing

Switching surge
Surja hubung

Switching voltage
Tegangan hubung ; tegangan switsing

Switchyard
Serandang hubung

Swtching impulse-test
Pengujian-impulse hubung

System earthing
Pentanahan sistem

System recovery
Pemulihan sistem

System splitting
Pemisahan sistem

Tailrace
Saluran-buang

Taking over certificate
Berita acara serah terima

Tangible benefit
Keuntungan nyata

Temperature
Suhu ; temperatur

Temporary voltage variation
Variasi tegangan temporer

Tent
Tenda

Test
Pengujian, uji

Thermal equilibrium
Keseimbangan termis

Thermal rating
Nilai pengenal termis

Time delay
Waktu tunda

Time grading
Peningkatan waktu

Time-delay
Tunda waktu / waktu tunda

Total barometric pressure
Tekanan barometris total

Total fault clearing time
Waktu total pembebasan gangguan

Transient behaviour
Perilaku transisen

Transient immunity
Kekebalan terhadap transien

Transient recover voltage
Tegangan pulih transien

Transient response
Tanggap transien

Transient speed difference
Perbedaan putaran peralihan

Tripcoil
Kumparan-jatuh

Turbine blade
Daun turbin

Turbocharged
Berpengisi turbo

Turbocharged 4-stroke engines
Mesin 4-langkah berturbo

Turn ratio
Rasio lilitan

Turnkey
Terima-jadi ; turnki

Type test
Uji jenis

Unballance
Ke-takseimbangan

Under excitation ; loss of field
Hilang-eksitasi

Undiluted gas
Gas asap

Unity power-factor
Faktor-kerja satu

Upward range
Julat keatas

Utility platform
Panggung kerja

Value
Nilai

Vector diagram
Diagram vektor

Verification
Verifikasi / pemeriksaan

Voltage controlled over-current relay
Tegangan-kurang dengan rele arus lebih

Voltage detector
Detektor tegangan

Voltage drop
Jatuh Tegangan, rugi tegangan

Voltage error
Kesalahan tegangan

Voltage transfomer
Transformator tegangan

Volumetric concentration
Konsentrasi volumetris

Warning lights
Lampu peringatan / tengara

Water type fire extinguisher
Pemadam api jenis air

Waterway / headrace
Saluran (pendek)

Wide range linearity
Daerah linier yang luas

Winding
Belitan

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